εїзSigns of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS)

If you think you may have some or most of these symptoms seeking professional medical help is something you may want to look into. You may PCOS, fertility or hormonal imbalance issues that need to be addressed. This is simply a post about the signs and symptoms and does not reflect having a professional medical evaluation.

εїзSigns of PCOS:

  • Infertility (not able to get pregnant) because of not ovulating. In fact, PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility.
  • Infrequent, absent, and/or irregular menstrual periods
  • Hirsutism (HER-suh-tiz-um) — increased hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs, or toes
  • Cysts on the ovaries
  • Acne, oily skin, or dandruff
  • Weight gain or obesity, usually with extra weight around the waist
  • Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair
  • Patches of skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs that are thick and dark brown or black
  • Skin tags — excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area
  • Pelvic pain
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Sleep apnea — when breathing stops for short periods of time while asleep
  • Polycystic (pah-lee-SIS-tik) ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that can affect a woman’s:
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Ability to have children
  • Hormones
  • Heart
  • Blood vessels
  • Appearance With PCOS, women typically have:
  • High levels of androgens (AN-druh-junz). These are sometimes called male hormones, though females also make them.
  • Missed or irregular periods (monthly bleeding)
  • Many small cysts (sists) (fluid-filled sacs) in their ovaries

For women who don’t want to get pregnant, birth control pills can:

  • Control menstrual cycles
  • Reduce male hormone levels
  • Help to clear acne

The medicine metformin (Glucophage) is used to treat type 2 diabetes. It has also been found to help with PCOS symptoms, though it isn’t approved by the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this use

  • Medicines called anti-androgens may reduce hair growth and clear acne
  • The risk of heart attack is 4 to 7 times higher in women with PCOS than women of the same age without PCOS
  • Women with PCOS can develop sleep apnea. This is when breathing stops for short periods of time during sleep
  • More than 50 percent of women with PCOS will have diabetes or pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance) before the age of 40
  • Women with PCOS have high levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol and low levels of HDL (good) cholesterol
  • Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the risk of long-term complications

Women with PCOS are at greater risk of having high blood pressure Women with PCOS appear to have higher rates of:

  • Miscarriage
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Pregnancy-induced high blood pressure (preeclampsia)
  • Premature delivery
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